Action is the active engagement of the motor system to resample the environment in order to reduce prediction error.
Music action centered around rhythm is a focus of MIB for several reasons. Rhythm provides a powerful tool for investigating the relation between perception and action, since there is a direct link between listening to musical rhythm and motor behavior. This work will be based on the hypothesis that action aims at minimizing prediction error. Equally important, performance and music listening have social and communicative functions in which rhythm plays a key role. Hence, in a musicological perspective such studies touch upon the crucial question of whether music is an evolutionary adaptation designated for social cohesion.